(Gilded King Tut statues were among the stolen items from the Egyptian Museum in Cairo)
A lot of things about Ancient Egyptians aren’t known because of looters who ransack their tombs and final resting places. The gold and precious stones used in the decorations that accompany the dead to their afterlife are very valuable to both anthropologists and treasure hunters, so much of discoveries are a race to who gets there first. Many of the treasures taken could hold vital information to some unanswered questions left by Ancient Egyptians, but we will never know because of the successful Black Market of artifacts.
Looters have been around for centuries, and are still going strong. In 2011, Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities released a list of artifacts that were stolen from the Egyptian Museum during the uprisings that were occurring. The list contains 63 items including ritual statues and a fan belonging to King Tut, Yuya’s shabtis, amulets and jewelry.
See http://www.presstv.ir/detail/170244.html for complete story.
The protection of these artifacts is the protection of the culture. Current political demonstrations against Hosni Mubarak’s 30-year-rule threatens that protection, and these artifacts may be gone forever.
This wall painting from Hatshepsut’s mortuary temple at Dayr al-Bahri displays vibrant color and striking detail. Hatshepsut gained unprecedented power for a woman, reigning over Egypt from 1473- 1458 BCE.
Apis the Bull Deity, according to Manetho, originated in Memphis in the early dynastic era, Bard states that individual bull burials at Saqqara started much later, in the 18th Dynasty, and Herodotus, in the story of Cambyses, reveals “The marks of this calf called Apis are these: he is black, and has on his forehead a three-cornered white spot, and the likeness of an eagle on his back; the hairs of the tail are double, and there is a knot under the tongue.”
I wonder how Egyptians justified sacrificing the very animals they worshipped; I would think human sacrifice to the animal god would be in order. ~TB
Recently as I was researching for material for my group’s project I came across a rather new-ish discovery from 2010. It seems that the Czech Institute of Egyptology has discovered the tomb of Shert Nebti, a 5th dynasty Egyptian princess, her tomb was located in Southern part of Cairo. Sadly, it seems that there is no princess in the tomb, but there is a lot of grave goods that are still intact. Who knows maybe they will find the princess in the rest of the tomb since they have only excavated half of the tomb.
I was curious after reading this article as to why was she not buried with the rest of the nobility up north-wise near the Saqqara? She seems to have been regarded dearly by the inscription of the beautiful one and she did have plenty of grave goods in her tomb as well.
Posted by Isabel Garcia
I found an interesting link from the BBC of all sites. It speaks on the subject of women in Ancient Egypt. I found it very interesting because gender equality was a big deal then too. While Egyptians practiced it, we as Americans do not. In fact we, as women still strive to get equality on the most basic levels to be observed. I found it most fascinating to see that women were buried with weapons. Queens were known to crush their enemies.
Women were prime members of the Military campaigns. Women were thought to be sufficiently threatening, enough so to be listed as ‘enemies of the state’, and female graves containing weapons are found throughout the three millennia of Egyptian History. Women were involved in trade and shipping. Another point that stands out for me during this is women had financial Independence. Women would be paid the same contractual amount as men for their work. Also, they would own property and estates. Not if some male relative stated that it were true, but from the time she was born. While it was preferred that she would have a male heir, a female would and could carry on just as much. – CL