Shabti here! Get your shabti here!

A grave good introduced in the Middle Kingdom was the shabti statues (also called ushebtis or shawabtis).  Some of the earliest examples have been found dating to the era of Mentuhotep II.  These statutes were made from various materials such as wax, clay, pottery, faience, wood or stone and are believed to have been used for “magical substitutes when work had to be done by the tomb-owner for Osiris.”  Often taking the naked form of the adult male or female form, many were inscribed with special formulas or spells.[1]

The large numbers of shabtis found make it a one of the numerous artifacts from Ancient Egypt to survive.

BM_shabti

Shabti Collection at the British Museum


[1] Gae Callender, The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, ed. Ian Shaw (London, England: Oxford University Press, 2000). 170

For the love of Gods!

For the love of Gods!

I am rather amused by Polytheism. I often wonder where the people come up with the names and purposes of the Gods, at. I have found that the Egyptians have a God or Goddess for nearly everything, including innundation. I am tickled pink that they have a God named Hapy. I read it as “Happy.” But you get the point. The god who helps with the Floods. Im sure they prayed a bunch to him and sacrificed offerings. Also, there is the God Nut. Who is the Mother of Osiris and Isis, who are major Gods. It makes you wonder how much is inspired from other societies and where it comes from in general.

A sexual ritual in an Ancient Egypt festival?

A sexual ritual in an Ancient Egypt festival?

This is an interesting article by LA times that goes inside a ritual that involved sex and a lot of beer that was performed during the festival of drunkeness that honored of the goddess Hathor. Apparently, the rituals took place twice a year at home, at temples, and in shrines. The festival was a communal event where everyone participated and were organized and led by priests.

by I.G